Ulwaphulo-mthetho Ikhowudi ye-Russia — Russian Umthetho

I-Russian, ulwaphulo-Mthetho Ikhowudi (Russian, imibuzo ishunqulwe) yi prime imvelaphi Umthetho isirashiya malunga ulwaphulo-mthetho offences. Odlulileyo, ulwaphulo-Mthetho Ikhowudi ye-isirashiya yaqalisa umkhosi ngomhla omnye kujanyuwari ngo. Ngomhla we-isibhozo januwari Umongameli Yeltsin esayiniweyo Yolwaphulo-Yentilongo Ikhowudi ukulawula iimeko ye-izivakalisi. Eyona utshintsho ibandakanye kwezoqoqosho yolwaphulo-mthetho kunye nempahla yolwaphulo-mthetho. Zazinjalo engundoqo pitfalls ye-Soviet, ulwaphulo-Mthetho Wokuziphatha, njengoko uninzi ezinye izahluko baba sele ya ukuba correspond entsha Russian realities